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Egypt History

The history of Egypt goes back to about five thousand years BC. The History of the Pharaohs falls into three main eras: The Old Kingdom, The Old Kingdom, The Middle Kingdom and The New Kingdom.

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Egypt History

The History of the Pharaohs falls into three main eras:

The Old Kingdom:The capital was Memphis established by King Mina, the first king of the first dynasty who unified Upper and Lower Egypt. Of the most famous Kings of that epoch was king Zoser who built the Sakkara pyramid, which is known to be the first stone structure in history. Pharaonis Egypt reached the apex, of its civilisation in the era ofthc pyramid builders.

The Middle Kingdom: The capital was Thebes. That epoch was noted for the flowering of arts, agricultural projects and commercial exchange with neighboring countries.

The New Kingdom: It began with the eighteenth dynasty established by King Ahmos. The capital was Thebes too. The capital was transferred from a short period during the reign of Akhenaton and his wife from Thebes to Tal Al-Ainama. Of the most famous kings of the New Kingdom was Ramses 11,1 ie left great monuments the most famous of which are the two Abu-Simbcl temples. Ages followed until the Persian Rule then the Greek and the Roman Empire.

The Arab Islamic Fat'h (Conquest): It started in Egypt in 641 A.D. Under the leadership of Amr Ibn Al-Aas. Egypt became a great Islamic center. This was succeeded by different ears and rulers of whom the most prominent was Salah AI-Din Al-Ayubi. In J798 Napoleon Bonaparte conducted bis famous expedition to Egypt and Egypt's contact with western civilization began. In 1805 Mohammed Aly set up his dynasty which ruled Egypt for more than a century. In July i 952 the Revolution broke out and put an end to the monarchy. With this started a new era in Egypt's history, the Republican regime.

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